22 Jul 2013

How to Perform a PC Tune-up and Browser Optimization on Windows 7

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Here we'll discuss about performing a PC tune-up for Windows 7 without using any additional tools or softwares. You can follow the below steps if you are facing a slow computer issue. Please log in as Administrator to perform these steps. Have a look at the System Requirements for installing Windows 7:
  • RAM: 1GB for 32-bit and 2GB for 64-bit version
  • Processor: 1GHz
  • HDD: 16GB for 32-bit and 20GB for 64-bit version

1. Windows Updates: This is the most important one. You need to keep your Windows always up to date. Click Start > Control Panel > Windows Update and make sure that your Windows is up to date. 

2. Antivirus Program: I guess you have Antivirus program installed on your computer and you are doing regular scans with it as well. Make sure it is up to date. Click here to read about how to choose the best antivirus software.

PC Optimization for Windows 7

3. Remove Unwanted Programs: You can free up a lot of disk space by removing unwanted programs. Click Start > Control Panel > Programs & Features and remove any programs that you do not use. Remove all the trial softwares and expired antivirus programs. 

4. Clear Temp: You can free more disk space by clearing the temporary files. Type %temp% in the Run Command window and clear the temp files. If there is more than one user account on your computer, you should clear the temp from all user accounts. Navigate to My Computer > C > Windows > Temp and clear the Windows temporary files also.

5. Disable Startup Applications: You can speed up your computer's start up by disabling unwanted start up programs and background services. Type msconfig in the Run Command window and open the System Configuration Utility. Click on the Startup tab and disable all programs except your Antivirus. Click Apply.

6. Disable Visual Effects: Type sysdm.cpl in the Run Command window and click on the Advanced tab. Navigate to Performance > Settings > Visual Effects. Select ''adjust for best performance'' and click Apply. Make sure to put a check mark next to the last two options before clicking Apply.

7. Disable Screensaver: Turn off the Screensaver if you have set one. Click Start > Control Panel > Personalization > Screen Saver. Select None and click Apply.

8. Disable Thumbnail View: Displaying thumbnail view of pictures and videos in folders can take up a good amount of RAM. Here is the tip to disable the thumbnail view: Open My Computer and navigate to Organize > Folder & Search Options. Under the View tab select ''Always show icons, and never thumbnails'' and click Apply.

9. Virtual Memory: Let Windows manage the virtual memory. Type sysdm.cpl in the Run Command window and click on the Advanced tab. Navigate to Performance > Settings > Advanced > Change. Select ''system managed'' and click Apply. 

10. Disk Cleanup & Defragmentation: Navigate to My Computer and right click on the C: Drive > Properties > Disk Cleanup. Select all the options and click Ok. Click on the "More Options" tab and clear the system restore points. You can also try the Disk Defrag. Open My Computer > Right click on the C: Drive > Properties > Tools and click Defragment now.

Below steps would be useful if you are facing a slow internet issue. 

Internet Explorer:

Clear the Cookies & Browsing History: Open your Internet Explorer and navigate to Internet Options from the Tools Menu. Click Delete under the General tab. Check Temporary Internet Files, Cookies and History and Delete them.

Reset All Zones to the Default Level: Click on the Security tab and Reset all zones to the default level.

Internet options

Disable Proxy: Click on LAN settings under the Connections tab and make sure there is no proxy is enabled.

Check the Hosts file: Press the Windows Key + R on your keyboard to get the Run Command Window. Type Drivers and press Enter. Navigate to Drivers > Etc. Inside the 'Etc' folder you could see a file named 'hosts'. Right click on the Hosts file and open it with Notepad. A healthy Hosts file should look like this:
# Copyright (c) 1993-2006 Microsoft Corp.
# This is a sample HOSTS file used by Microsoft TCP/IP for Windows.
# This file contains the mappings of IP addresses to host names. Each
# entry should be kept on an individual line. The IP address should
# be placed in the first column followed by the corresponding host name.
# The IP address and the host name should be separated by at least one
# space.
# Additionally, comments (such as these) may be inserted on individual
# lines or following the machine name denoted by a '#' symbol.
# For example:
#     rhino.acme.com          # source server
#     x.acme.com              # x client host

# localhost name resolution is handle within DNS itself.
#       localhost
#       ::1             localhost
Make sure the hosts file does not have any additional entries added below the last line.

Disable the Add-ons: Go to the Programs tab and click Manage Add-ons. Remove any unwanted toolbars as well as search providers.

Reset your Internet Explorer to its default settings: Now select the Advanced tab and click Reset. By resetting Internet Explorer settings, you return Internet Explorer to the state it was in when it was first installed on your computer. Please note that resetting the Internet Explorer to its default settings does not delete your favorites (bookmarks).

Mozilla Firefox:

Disable the Add-ons: Open your Mozilla Firefox and select Add-ons from the drop down menu. Click Extensions and remove any unwanted extensions. 

Reset your Firefox: Go to Help > Troubleshooting Information and Reset your Firefox.

mozilla firefox reset

Google Chrome:

Disable the Add-ons: Navigate to the Chrome Settings > Extensions and make sure if there is no unwanted extensions.

Reset your Chrome: Navigate to the Chrome Settings > Advanced Settings and Clear Browsing Data. Clear the history from the beginning of time. 



To get the Run Command Window, press the Windows key + R.
You must restart your computer for the changes to take effect. Also dont forget to restart your browsers after performing the reset :)

I have worked in the tech support of McAfee and At&t for 2 years.

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