January 14, 2015

Famous Battles in Indian History - Part I

First Battle of Tarain
Between Afghans & Rajputs
Leaders Prithviraj Chauhan and Muhammad Ghori 
Cause Ghori wanted to establish Muslim Rule in India
Date 1191
Location Tarain, Haryana
Result Victory of Prithviraj Chauhan
Aftermath Ghori was defeated and fled

Second Battle of Tarain
Between Afghans & Rajputs
Leaders Muhammad Ghori and Prithviraj Chauhan
Cause Ghori wanted to establish Muslim Rule in India
Date 1192
Location Tarain, Haryana
Result Victory of Muhammad Ghori
Aftermath Beginning of Muslim rule in India known as the Delhi Sultanate

First Battle of Panipat
Between Mughals & Afghans
Leaders Timurid Prince Babur and Delhi Sultan Ibrahim Lodi
Cause Babur wanted to crush Ibrahim Lodi and establish his empire in India
Date Apr 21, 1526
Location Panipat, Haryana
Result Victory of Babur
Aftermath End of Lodi Empire and Delhi Sultanate
Significance Foundation of the Mughal Empire

Battle of Chausa
Between Afghans & Mughals
Leaders Sher Shah Suri and Humayun
Cause Sher Shah Suri wanted to expel Mughals from India and re-establish the Afghan rule
Date Jun 26, 1539
Location Chausa, Bihar
Result Victory of Sher Shah Suri
Aftermath Humayun was defeated and fled

Battle of Kannauj
Between Afghans & Mughals
Leaders Humayun and Sher Shah Suri 
Cause Sher Shah Suri wanted to expel Mughals from India and re-establish the Afghan rule
Humayun wanted to recover his kingdom
Date May 17, 1540
Location Bilgram, Uttar Pradesh
Result Victory of Sher Shah Suri
Aftermath Humayun had to leave India
Significance Establishment of the Sur Dynasty
Notes Humayun took refugee in Persia

Second Battle of Panipat

Mural of 2nd Battle of Panipat

Between Hindus & Mughals
Leaders Hem Chandra Vikramaditya and Akbar
Cause Akbar wanted to recapture Delhi from Hemu
Hemu wanted to re-establish the Hindu rule at Delhi
Date November 5, 1556
Location Panipat, Haryana
Result Victory of Akbar. Hemu was put to death by Bairam Khan.
Aftermath Mughal rule was Re-established
Notes Hem Chandra Vikramaditya (Hemu) was the last Hindu King of Delhi

Battle of Haldighati

Chetak breathing last

Between Mughals & Rajputs / Rajputs & Rajputs
Leaders Maharana Pratap, ruler of Mewar and Mughal army of Akbar lead by Raja Man Singh
Cause Akbar wanted Maharana Pratap to accept Mughal sovereignty
Date June 18, 1576
Location Haldighati, Rajasthan
Result Victory of none. 
Notes Chetak, Maharana Pratap's faithful horse, died during the war. Maharana Pratap fled from the battle field and carried on his war with the Mughals to recover Chittorgarh. Akbar could not defeat Maharana Pratap. On the other hand Maharana Pratap could not recapture his motherland Chittorgarh
Aftermath Peace occurred between Mewar and Mughals when Maharana Amar Singh, son of Maharana Pratap, submitted to Akbar's son Jahangir in 1615

Battle of Talikota
Between Vijayanagara Kingdom & The Deccan Sultans
Leaders Rama Raya & Hussein Nizam Shah of Ahmednagar, Ibrahim Qutub Shah of Golconda, Ali Adil Shah of Bijapur and Ali Barid Shah of Bidar
Cause Deccan Sultan wanted to crush the power of Rama Raya
Date January 26, 1565
Location Talikota, Karnataka
Result Victory of the Deccan Sultans
Aftermath Decline of the Vijayanagara Empire. Capital of the Vijayanagara Empire was transferred to Penukonda.

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