|Subkingdom:||Tracheobionta – Vascular plants|
|Superdivision:||Spermatophyta – Seed plants|
|Division:||Magnoliophyta or Angiosperms – Flowering plants|
|Class:||Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons|
|Family:||Solanaceae (The Potato family)|
|Botanical name:||Capsicum frutescens or C. annuum|
|Common Name:||Bird's-Eye Chili|
Chilies are one of the first spices used by humans anywhere in the world. In Kerala, Bird's-Eye Chili is known by the name "Kantharimulaku", which is one of the hottest chilies in the world. The fruits are much smaller in size, but more pungent than other species of Capsicum. Ripened fruits are red in color. The fruits are used to make curry powder, pepper powder and chili sauce. Fresh fruits are also used in cooking. The plant is having medicinal properties as well; it is used for treating arthritis, rheumatism, neuralgia, lumbago and chilblains. We have the plant in our garden, but due to heavy rains they had started to wilt.
The above pictures were taken with Nikon Coolpix. Please click on each picture to get the full view.
Location: My garden at Kottayam, Kerala
Flowers of India