July 14, 2018

Qiran us-Sa'dain, the Historic Meeting of Sultan Qaiqabad and His Father

Bughra Khan was the second son of Ghias-ud-din Balban. After the death of his eldest son Prince Muhammad, Balban made Bughra Khan his successor, but he had no desire in the throne of Delhi. In his life time, Balban had made him the governor of Bengal. Since Bughra Khan rejected the throne, Balban declared his grandson Prince Kai Khusrau his successor. However, after Balban's death, the nobles placed Bughra Khan's son Muiz-ud-din Qaiqabad (1286-1290) on the throne. Qaiqabad was a weak and pleasure loving king, who entrusted all the government affairs in the hands of his minister Nizam-ud-din, and devoted his life to wine, women, music and other pleasures. The treacherous minister was making plans to seize the throne.

July 06, 2018

Muiz al-Din Qaiqabad, Last King of the Slave Dynasty

Muiz-ud-din Qaiqabad (1286-1290), the grandson of Balban, was the tenth king of the early Turkish empire of India, popularly known as the Slave dynasty. Balban's eldest son Muhammad the Martyr Prince, had died in his father's life time, and Bughra Khan, his second son, had no desire in the throne of Delhi. So Balban declared his eldest grandson and son of Muhammad, Kai Khusrau his successor however, the chiefs and nobles placed Qaiqabad, son of Bughra Khan, to the throne.

July 03, 2018

Early Life of Ghiyath al-Din Balban, Sultan of Delhi

The Forty Slaves of Iltutmish:

Iltutmish had forty Turk slaves, which is known as the Chihalgani or Chalisa. All of them had attained the rank of an amir (Khan). These Forty shamsi slaves entered into a solemn agreement to support each other, and on the Sultan's death to divide the empire among themselves. Afterwards jealousies and dissensions arose among them. During the period of Iltutmish's weak successors, they grew powerful. They divided the wealth and power of the kingdom among them, so that the country was under their control. No one acknowledged inferiority to another. In possessions, display, grandeur and dignity, they competed with each other, "What are you that I am not, and what will you be that I shall not be?". Balban belonged to the Chihalgani.

June 30, 2018

Mongol Invasions During Balban's Reign


June 28, 2018

The Tabaqat of Nasir al-Din Mahmud, Sultan of Delhi

Sultan-i Mu'azzam Nasir-ud-dunya wa ud-din Mahmud (Nasir-ud-din Mahmud), son of Iltutmish, was the eighth king of the early Turkish empire, popularly known as the Slave dynasty (1246-1266). Tabaqat-i Nasiri (A General History of the Muhammadan Dynasties of Asia, Including Hindustan, from 810 AD to 1260 AD) was compiled in honour of Nasir-ud-din Mahmud.

June 25, 2018

Delhi Under Bahram and Masud, and the Mongol Invasions

June 03, 2018

Last Days of Balban

May 31, 2018

The First Mongol Invasion of India

"If you join and obey us, your lives will be spared; if you do not, the fault is not with us; God only knows what may be the consequence..." (Genghis Khan's letter to the kings)

The first Mongol invasion of India took place in the reign of Sultan Shams-ud-din lltutmish. In 1221, the Mongols, under Genghis Khan, appeared for the first time on the banks of the river Indus.