15 Sep 2017

Muhammad Ghori's Invasion of India

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Ghurid Dyasty of Ghor: Before we come up with the biography of Muhammad Ghori, let's have a look at the following list of Ghaznavid rulers of Afghanistan and Lahore (successors of Mahmud of Ghazni): 

Sabuktigin, founder of Ghaznavid Empire (977-997) → Ismail (997-998) → Mahmud, better known as Mahmud of Ghazni (998-1030) → Muhammad (1030-1st reign) → Masud I (1030-1042) → Muhammad (1042-2nd reign) → Mawdud (1042-1049) → Masud II (1049) → Ali (1049-1051) → Abd-al-Rashid (1051-52) → Toghrul (1052) → Farrukh-Zad (1052-1058) → Ibrahim (1058-1098) → Masud III (1098-1115) → Shirzad (1115-1116) → Arslan-Shah (1116-1117) → Bahram Shah (1117-1152) → Khusrau-Shah (1152-1160) → Khusrau Malik (1160-1186)

5 Aug 2017

Muhammad-bin-Qasim's Invasion of India

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"Verily, courage, and generosity and liberality,
Belonged to Muhammad, son of Qasim, son of Muhammad,
He led armies at the age of seventeen years,
He seemed destined for command from the day of his birth."

(Futuh al-Buldan)

Arab Invasion of Sind (712): The rise of Islam in India began with the conquest of Sind (now in Pakistan) by the Arabs. At that time Sind was under the rule of a Hindu Brahmin dynasty with its capital at Alor. It was during the reign of Caliph Umar ibn Al-Khattab (634-644) that an army of Islam was first sent out to Sind to carry on religious wars. Sind was conquered during the caliphate of Al-Walid ibn Abd-al-Malik of Umayyad dynasty of Damascus (705-715). At that time the ruler of Sind was Rai Dahir, son of Chach.

20 Jul 2017

Ibrahim Lodi, Last Sultan of Delhi

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Reign of Sultan Ibrahim Lodi (1517-1526):

Lodi dynasty of Delhi (1451-1526) was the first Afghan empire in India which was founded by Sultan Bahlol Lodi in 1451. Ibrahim Lodi, grandson of Sultan Bahlol, was the third ruler of Lodi dynasty. When Sikandar Lodi (son of Bahlol Lodi) died he left two sons by one wife, Ibrahim and Jalal. The nobles of the court placed Ibrahim on the throne of Delhi (Nov, 1517) as he was known for his personal beauty as well as moral qualities. But shortly after that Jalal Khan was raised to the the throne of Jaunpur. The reason for the establishment of a separate kingdom of Jaunpur is given by Ferishta, who says that unlike his father and grandfather, Ibrahim made no distinction among his officers; he declared that kings should have no relations nor clansmen but all should be considered as subjects of the state. The Afghan chiefs, who had been hitherto allowed to sit near the throne, were compelled to stand in front of the throne. The Afghan could not bear this insult and soon a conspiracy was formed by them. They conspired to raise Jalal Khan on to the throne of Jaunpur. According to Nimatulla, it was due to Sultan Ibrahim's irritable temper that the Afghan amirs decided to limit his power upto Jaunpur.

19 May 2017

Alexander's Invasion of India

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Alexander the Great in His Conquest of AsiaThe Greek conqueror Alexander, popularly known as Alexander the Great, was the King of Macedonia in Greece, from 336 BC to 323 BC. In 326 BC, Alexander invaded India; He crossed the river Indus (also known as Sindhu) and advanced towards Taxila or Takshasila, situated between the rivers Indus and Jhelum [Hydaspes]. It is said that Alexander was well received by Ambhi [Omphis], also known as Taxiles (the King of Taxila), who surrendered both himself and his kingdom to Alexander. After appointing a viceroy and also leaving a garrison at Taxila, Alexander marched towards Jhelum river.

13 May 2017

Why do you love Google?

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Yahoo, Google and Bing ➝ The Search Engines:

yahoo, google, bing search engines: a comparison