June 03, 2018

Last Days of Balban

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May 31, 2018

The First Mongol Invasion of India

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"If you join and obey us, your lives will be spared; if you do not, the fault is not with us; God only knows what may be the consequence..." (Genghis Khan's letter to the kings)

The first Mongol invasion of India took place in the reign of Sultan Shams-ud-din lltutmish. In 1221, the Mongols, under Genghis Khan, appeared for the first time on the banks of the river Indus.

May 23, 2018

A Dynasty of Slaves?

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Shahab-ud-din Muhammad Ghori defeated the Indian ruler Prithviraj Chauhan in the battle of Tarain and laid the foundations of Muslim rule in India, which is known as the Delhi Sultanate. After Ghori's death in 1206, his faithful slave Qutub-ud-din Aibak ascended the throne (of Ghori's Indian dominions) and became the founder of the first Muslim dynasty of Delhi (1206-1290).

May 11, 2018

4 Awesome Label Gadgets For Blogger

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How to Add the Label Widget to Your Blog:


Labels is one of Blogger's official and most important Gadgets. From your Blog's Dashboard, navigate to Layout → Add a Gadget → and select Labels from the list. Select Sorting by Frequency. Don't forget to select Cloud display. Now Save the Gadget.

Configuring Blogger Labels

April 22, 2018

Ala-ud-din's Relationship with Malik Kafur

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Malik Kafur Hazar Dinari was a handsome slave whom Nusrat Khan, Ala-ud-din's wazir, had seized from a merchant at Cambay. He was called Hazar-dinari since he was originally purchased for 1000 dinars. Badauni calls him Malik Manik. Khusro calls him Malik Naib Barbek Izzud-daula. Barani writes that Kafur's beauty captivated Ala-ud-din, who afterwards made him Malik Naib (deputy governor). Kafur was also a military genius who won for the Sultan, Devagiri (1308), Warangal (1309), Ma'bar (Madurai) and Dwarasamudra (1310). Ferishta says that Kafur was made Malik Naib on the occasion of his conquest of Devagiri.

April 18, 2018

Hammira, the Warrior King of Ranthambore

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Govindaraja, son of Prithviraj Chauhan of Ajmer, was the founder of the line of the Chauhans of Ranthambore. Hammiradeva (1280-1301), was the last and most famous Chauhan ruler of Ranthambore. During his reign, the Delhi Sultan Jalal-ud-din Khilji marched against Ranthambore, but finding the fortress impregnable, gave up the idea of capturing it. But his successor Ala-ud-din Khilji conquered Ranthambore (also spelled Ranthambhore) in 1301.

Genealogy of the Chauhan Rulers of Ranthambore:

Govindaraja → Balhanadeva → Prahladadeva → Viranarayana → Vagbhata → Jaitrasimha → Hammiradeva

April 12, 2018

What happened to Raja Jaichand of Kannauj?

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Was Jaichand the Last Hindu Ruler of Kannauj? Did Ghori Subdue Kannauj?

Kannauj was the ancient capital of the Rajas of Hindustan. Benares and the north-western part of Gaur became the possession of the Rajas of Kannauj. Jaichand, also known as Jayachandra (1170-1194), the Gahadavala ruler of Kannauj, was often accused of bringing Islams to India. It is said that he made alliance with Muhammad Ghori against Prithviraj Chauhan, though no Mohammedan historian except Abul Fazl, who following the Hindu legends, accepts it. Colonel Tod also supports this view by saying that, "The princes of Kannauj and Patan invited Muhammad Ghori to aid their designs of humiliating Prithviraj Chauhan". There is no evidence to support the claim that Raja Jaichand betrayed his country, and invited Ghori to invade India. Further, there is no mention of Jaichand having invited Ghori to attack Prithviraj in the fictional work Prithviraj Raso too. Truth is that Jaichand did not provide any assistance to Prithviraj in his war against Ghori, due to to his jealousy, as a rival candidate for the supreme monarchy of India, than to revenge.

April 09, 2018

Death of Prithviraj Chauhan According to Hindu Records

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All Musalman historians except Abul Fazl record that Prithviraj was taken captive in the battle of Tarain in 1192 and afterwards put to death. According to Abul Fazl, Ghori took Prithviraj prisoner to Ghazni, where he was killed by Prithviraj. Afterwards Prithviraj was killed by Ghori's men. May be this is why some people believe that Prithviraj's tomb is located at Ghazni. Ghori was NOT killed by Prithviraj Chauhan. Also read various accounts of Hindu historians regarding the death of Prithviraj Chauhan.

April 05, 2018

The Historic Battles of Tarain

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