November 08, 2018

The Short Reign of Nasir-ud-din Khusru Khan

Hasan, a handsome young man, was originally a Hindu of the Baradu tribe. Ferishta says that he was the son of a seller of rags at Gujarat. When Ain-ul-Mulk Multani conquered Malwa, both Hasan and his uterine brother Hisam fell into his hands. They were taken to Delhi and became incorporated with the body of Sultan Ala-ud-din's personal slaves. His real name is not known but he was named Hasan (Badaoni calls him Hasan Barawar Bacha) on his conversion to Islam. He had been the protege of Malik Shadi, the Naib-Hajib of Ala-ud-din. Qutub-ud-din became enamored with this slave and bestowed on him many special favours. He was given the title of Khusru Khan and was made the commander-in-chief and vizier of the kingdom. Barani always abuse him as a base, designing, treacherous and low-born fellow.

November 06, 2018

Qutb-ud-din Mubarak, Last Ruler of the Khilji Dynasty

"If my beloved were guilty of ten thousand crimes, one smile from him and I forget them all..." (Sultan Qutb-ud-din to Khusru Khan)

October 26, 2018

Royal Women of Slave Dynasty

October 21, 2018

Did Muhammad Tughlaq Kill His Father?

Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq (1321-1325) was the founder of the Tughlaq dynasty of Delhi. The Sultan built the city of Tughlaqabad and made it his capital. He declared his eldest son Fakhr-ud-din Jauna (afterwards Muhammad) as the heir apparent with the title of Ulugh Khan.

October 17, 2018

Muhammad Tughlaq and His Cousin Firoz, Sultans of Delhi

Muhammad (1325-1350), son of Sultan Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq, was perhaps the most controversial ruler in Indian history. "Not a day or week passed without the spilling of human blood, and the running of streams of gore before the entrance of his palace", says Barani. Some historians opinion that Sultan Tughlaq's death was not an accident but a murder, which was effected by the scheme of Muhammad. Muhammad is famous in history as a "Man of Ideas". He formed many different projects, which effected 'to the ruin of the country and the decay of the people'. His reign was full of revolts. Muhammad had great love for his mother Makhduma-i-Jahan. Another person to whom Muhammad was very kind and generous was his cousin Firoz.

October 13, 2018

Women of the Tughlaq Dynasty: Khudawandzada

Khudawandzada was the daughter of Sultan Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq and the sister of Sultan Muhammad Tughlaq. Muhammad Tughlaq had no sons. So when he died, Khudawandzada wanted to raise her son Dawar Malik (who was the son of Khudawandzada by her first husband Qazi Sadr-ud-din Arif.) to the throne of Delhi. But the nobles placed the reigns of government in the hands of Muhammad's cousin Firoz Shah.

October 11, 2018

The Story of Gujari Mahal Palace at Hisar Firoza

It is said that Firoz Shah built the Gujari palace at Hisar for his Hindu queen Gujari Rani, a native of Hisar. The Gujari Mahal was built on a massive rectangular platform that can be approached by stairs. The palace consists of a baradari and a pavilion. The walls of the baradari are thick and sloping with 12 arched doorways. Red sandstone brackets can be seen above the arched doors. Inside the baradari are four old pillars of Hindu or Jain origin, which support a roof of domes. The raised platform has three underground chambers. The Gujari Mahal seems to have been built as an airy retreat away from the Hisar palace, for enjoying views over the gardens round.

October 07, 2018

Historical Accounts on the Cities Founded by Firoz Shah Tughlaq

Sultan Firoz Shah Tughlaq excelled all his predecessors on the throne of Delhi in the erection of buildings. Firoz Shah Bin Rajab (1351-1388) laid out several new cities; built many monuments, and also repaired a number of edifices of former kings. Malik Ghazi Shahna was the chief architect and Abdul Hakk otherwise Jahir Sundhar was the deputy.

October 01, 2018

The Golden Minaret of Firoz Shah Tughlaq

"By the grace of the Creator who sees and hears everything, we shall remove this lofty pillar and make a Minar (Minara-i zarin or golden minar) of it in the Jami Mosque of Firozabad where, God willing, it shall stand as long as the world endures".

(Firoz Shah Tughlaq)

September 23, 2018

Qutb Minar is a Muslim Monument

The Qutb Minar of Delhi is a subject of controversy. Some scholars argue that it is a Hindu monument; that this monument was originally begun by the Hindu king Prithviraj Chauhan for giving his daughter a view of the river Yamuna; or, according to another account, for getting the view of the river Ganges. J. D. Beglar, assistant of Alexander Cunningham, and Syed Ahmad Khan were the notable historians to support this claim.