Ala-ud-din's Relationship with Malik Kafur

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Malik Kafur Hazar Dinari was a handsome slave whom Nusrat Khan, Ala-ud-din's wazir, had seized from a merchant at Cambay. He was called Hazar-dinari since he was originally purchased for 1000 dinars. Badauni calls him Malik Manik. Khusro calls him Malik Naib Barbek Izzud-daula. Barani writes that Kafur's beauty captivated Ala-ud-din, who afterwards made him Malik Naib (deputy governor). Kafur was also a military genius who won for the Sultan, Devagiri (1308), Warangal (1309), Ma'bar (Madurai) and Dwarasamudra (1310). Ferishta says that Kafur was made Malik Naib on the occasion of his conquest of Devagiri.

Hammira, the Warrior King of Ranthambore

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Govindaraja, son of Prithviraj Chauhan of Ajmer, was the founder of the line of the Chauhans of Ranthambore. Hammiradeva (1280-1301), was the last and most famous Chauhan ruler of Ranthambore. During his reign, the Delhi Sultan Jalal-ud-din Khilji marched against Ranthambore, but finding the fortress impregnable, gave up the idea of capturing it. But his successor Ala-ud-din Khilji conquered Ranthambore (also spelled Ranthambhore) in 1301.

Genealogy of the Chauhan Rulers of Ranthambore:

Govindaraja → Balhanadeva → Prahladadeva → Viranarayana → Vagbhata → Jaitrasimha → Hammiradeva

What happened to Raja Jaichand of Kannauj?

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Was Jaichand the Last Hindu Ruler of Kannauj? Did Ghori Subdue Kannauj?

Kannauj was the ancient capital of the Rajas of Hindustan. Benares and the north-western part of Gaur became the possession of the Rajas of Kannauj. Jaichand, also known as Jayachandra (1170-1194), the Gahadavala ruler of Kannauj, was often accused of bringing Islams to India. It is said that he made alliance with Muhammad Ghori against Prithviraj Chauhan, though no Mohammedan historian except Abul Fazl, who following the Hindu legends, accepts it. Colonel Tod also supports this view by saying that, "The princes of Kannauj and Patan invited Muhammad Ghori to aid their designs of humiliating Prithviraj Chauhan". There is no evidence to support the claim that Raja Jaichand betrayed his country, and invited Ghori to invade India. Further, there is no mention of Jaichand having invited Ghori to attack Prithviraj in the fictional work Prithviraj Raso too. Truth is that Jaichand did not provide any assistance to Prithviraj in his war against Ghori, due to to his jealousy, as a rival candidate for the supreme monarchy of India, than to revenge.

Death of Prithviraj Chauhan According to Hindu Records

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All Musalman historians except Abul Fazl record that Prithviraj was taken captive in the battle of Tarain in 1192 and afterwards put to death. According to Abul Fazl, Ghori took Prithviraj prisoner to Ghazni, where he was killed by Prithviraj. Afterwards Prithviraj was killed by Ghori's men. May be this is why some people believe that Prithviraj's tomb is located at Ghazni. Ghori was NOT killed by Prithviraj Chauhan. Also read various accounts of Hindu historians regarding the death of Prithviraj Chauhan.

The Historic Battles of Tarain

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Mahamantri Timmarusu

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But before becoming the minister of Krishnadeva Raya, he was the minister of both Tuluva Narasa Nayaka and his son Vira Narasimha. Krishnadeva Raya was the monarch who was never destined to be a king. His brother Vira Narasimha Raya had wished his minor son to succeed him. But after Vira Narasimha's death, the far-seeing minister raised his capable brother Krishna to the throne of Vijayanagar. Krishnadeva Raya always called him as Appaji (father).

Raja Wodeyar's Conquest of Srirangapatna

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Sadashiva Raya, Last Ruler of the Tuluva Dynasty

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Krishnadeva Raya: Personal Appearance and Daily Routines, as Narrated by Domingo Paes

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Domingo Paes was a Portuguese merchant (horse dealer) who visited Vijayanagar around the year 1520. At that time its ruler was the celebrated Krishnadeva Raya. Christovao de Figueiredo, a Portuguese factor, had provided valuable assistance to the king during his conquest of Raichur. He had gone there with twenty Portuguese merchants, who brought some Arabian horses to sell to the king. Domingo Paes was at Vijayanagar with Figueiredo some months after the battle of Raichur. Paes was also present during the festivals of Mahanavami and New Year's Day.